PHP Script to Download Large Files Reliably

Posted on

As a PHP developer, we often need to implement functionality to download files. But sometimes it needs to implement large large files download in MB, GBs and create many issues. So here I have created a simple PHP script for file download.

This script helps you download files in PHP, capable of downloading files in MB and GBs with any issue.

<?php
function downloadFiles($filePath)
{
if(!empty($filePath))
{
$fileInfo = pathinfo($filePath);
$fileName = $fileInfo['basename'];
$fileExtnesion = $fileInfo['extension'];
$default_contentType = "application/octet-stream";
$content_types_list = mimeTypes();
if (array_key_exists($fileExtnesion, $content_types_list))
{
$contentType = $content_types_list[$fileExtnesion];
}
else
{
$contentType = $default_contentType;
}
if(file_exists($filePath))
{
$size = filesize($filePath);
$offset = 0;
$length = $size;
if(isset($_SERVER['HTTP_RANGE']))
{
preg_match('/bytes=(\d+)-(\d+)?/', $_SERVER['HTTP_RANGE'], $matches);
$offset = intval($matches[1]);
$length = intval($matches[2]) - $offset;
$fhandle = fopen($filePath, 'r');
fseek($fhandle, $offset);
$data = fread($fhandle, $length);
fclose($fhandle);
header('HTTP/1.1 206 Partial Content');
header('Content-Range: bytes ' . $offset . '-' . ($offset + $length) . '/' . $size);
}
//Heasers for download
header("Content-Disposition: attachment;filename=".$fileName);
header('Content-Type: '.$contentType);
header("Accept-Ranges: bytes");
header("Pragma: public");
header("Expires: -1");
header("Cache-Control: no-cache");
header("Cache-Control: public, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0");
header("Content-Length: ".filesize($filePath));
$chunksize = 8 * (1024 * 1024); //8MB (highest possible fread length)
if ($size > $chunksize)
{
$handle = fopen($_FILES["file"]["tmp_name"], 'rb');
$buffer = '';
while (!feof($handle) && (connection_status() === CONNECTION_NORMAL))
{
$buffer = fread($handle, $chunksize);
print $buffer;
ob_flush();
flush();
}
if(connection_status() !== CONNECTION_NORMAL)
{
echo "Connection aborted";
}
fclose($handle);
}
else
{
ob_clean();
flush();
readfile($filePath);
}
}
else
{
echo 'File does not exist!';
}
}
else
{
echo 'There is no file to download!';
}
}
?>

 

Here I have created a function mimeTypes() to get correct MIME type for download:

<?php
function mimeTypes()
{
/* Just add any required MIME type if you are going to download something not listed here.*/
$mime_types = array("323" => "text/h323",
"acx" => "application/internet-property-stream",
"ai" => "application/postscript",
"aif" => "audio/x-aiff",
"aifc" => "audio/x-aiff",
"aiff" => "audio/x-aiff",
"asf" => "video/x-ms-asf",
"asr" => "video/x-ms-asf",
"asx" => "video/x-ms-asf",
"au" => "audio/basic",
"avi" => "video/x-msvideo",
"axs" => "application/olescript",
"bas" => "text/plain",
"bcpio" => "application/x-bcpio",
"bin" => "application/octet-stream",
"bmp" => "image/bmp",
"c" => "text/plain",
"cat" => "application/vnd.ms-pkiseccat",
"cdf" => "application/x-cdf",
"cer" => "application/x-x509-ca-cert",
"class" => "application/octet-stream",
"clp" => "application/x-msclip",
"cmx" => "image/x-cmx",
"cod" => "image/cis-cod",
"cpio" => "application/x-cpio",
"crd" => "application/x-mscardfile",
"crl" => "application/pkix-crl",
"crt" => "application/x-x509-ca-cert",
"csh" => "application/x-csh",
"css" => "text/css",
"dcr" => "application/x-director",
"der" => "application/x-x509-ca-cert",
"dir" => "application/x-director",
"dll" => "application/x-msdownload",
"dms" => "application/octet-stream",
"doc" => "application/msword",
"dot" => "application/msword",
"dvi" => "application/x-dvi",
"dxr" => "application/x-director",
"eps" => "application/postscript",
"etx" => "text/x-setext",
"evy" => "application/envoy",
"exe" => "application/octet-stream",
"fif" => "application/fractals",
"flr" => "x-world/x-vrml",
"gif" => "image/gif",
"gtar" => "application/x-gtar",
"gz" => "application/x-gzip",
"h" => "text/plain",
"hdf" => "application/x-hdf",
"hlp" => "application/winhlp",
"hqx" => "application/mac-binhex40",
"hta" => "application/hta",
"htc" => "text/x-component",
"htm" => "text/html",
"html" => "text/html",
"htt" => "text/webviewhtml",
"ico" => "image/x-icon",
"ief" => "image/ief",
"iii" => "application/x-iphone",
"ins" => "application/x-internet-signup",
"isp" => "application/x-internet-signup",
"jfif" => "image/pipeg",
"jpe" => "image/jpeg",
"jpeg" => "image/jpeg",
"jpg" => "image/jpeg",
"js" => "application/x-javascript",
"latex" => "application/x-latex",
"lha" => "application/octet-stream",
"lsf" => "video/x-la-asf",
"lsx" => "video/x-la-asf",
"lzh" => "application/octet-stream",
"m13" => "application/x-msmediaview",
"m14" => "application/x-msmediaview",
"m3u" => "audio/x-mpegurl",
"man" => "application/x-troff-man",
"mdb" => "application/x-msaccess",
"me" => "application/x-troff-me",
"mht" => "message/rfc822",
"mhtml" => "message/rfc822",
"mid" => "audio/mid",
"mny" => "application/x-msmoney",
"mov" => "video/quicktime",
"movie" => "video/x-sgi-movie",
"mp2" => "video/mpeg",
"mp3" => "audio/mpeg",
"mpa" => "video/mpeg",
"mpe" => "video/mpeg",
"mpeg" => "video/mpeg",
"mpg" => "video/mpeg",
"mpp" => "application/vnd.ms-project",
"mpv2" => "video/mpeg",
"ms" => "application/x-troff-ms",
"mvb" => "application/x-msmediaview",
"nws" => "message/rfc822",
"oda" => "application/oda",
"p10" => "application/pkcs10",
"p12" => "application/x-pkcs12",
"p7b" => "application/x-pkcs7-certificates",
"p7c" => "application/x-pkcs7-mime",
"p7m" => "application/x-pkcs7-mime",
"p7r" => "application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp",
"p7s" => "application/x-pkcs7-signature",
"pbm" => "image/x-portable-bitmap",
"pdf" => "application/pdf",
"pfx" => "application/x-pkcs12",
"pgm" => "image/x-portable-graymap",
"pko" => "application/ynd.ms-pkipko",
"pma" => "application/x-perfmon",
"pmc" => "application/x-perfmon",
"pml" => "application/x-perfmon",
"pmr" => "application/x-perfmon",
"pmw" => "application/x-perfmon",
"pnm" => "image/x-portable-anymap",
"pot" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint",
"ppm" => "image/x-portable-pixmap",
"pps" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint",
"ppt" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint",
"prf" => "application/pics-rules",
"ps" => "application/postscript",
"pub" => "application/x-mspublisher",
"qt" => "video/quicktime",
"ra" => "audio/x-pn-realaudio",
"ram" => "audio/x-pn-realaudio",
"ras" => "image/x-cmu-raster",
"rgb" => "image/x-rgb",
"rmi" => "audio/mid",
"roff" => "application/x-troff",
"rtf" => "application/rtf",
"rtx" => "text/richtext",
"scd" => "application/x-msschedule",
"sct" => "text/scriptlet",
"setpay" => "application/set-payment-initiation",
"setreg" => "application/set-registration-initiation",
"sh" => "application/x-sh",
"shar" => "application/x-shar",
"sit" => "application/x-stuffit",
"snd" => "audio/basic",
"spc" => "application/x-pkcs7-certificates",
"spl" => "application/futuresplash",
"src" => "application/x-wais-source",
"sst" => "application/vnd.ms-pkicertstore",
"stl" => "application/vnd.ms-pkistl",
"stm" => "text/html",
"svg" => "image/svg+xml",
"sv4cpio" => "application/x-sv4cpio",
"sv4crc" => "application/x-sv4crc",
"t" => "application/x-troff",
"tar" => "application/x-tar",
"tcl" => "application/x-tcl",
"tex" => "application/x-tex",
"texi" => "application/x-texinfo",
"texinfo" => "application/x-texinfo",
"tgz" => "application/x-compressed",
"tif" => "image/tiff",
"tiff" => "image/tiff",
"tr" => "application/x-troff",
"trm" => "application/x-msterminal",
"tsv" => "text/tab-separated-values",
"txt" => "text/plain",
"uls" => "text/iuls",
"ustar" => "application/x-ustar",
"vcf" => "text/x-vcard",
"vrml" => "x-world/x-vrml",
"wav" => "audio/x-wav",
"wcm" => "application/vnd.ms-works",
"wdb" => "application/vnd.ms-works",
"wks" => "application/vnd.ms-works",
"wmf" => "application/x-msmetafile",
"wps" => "application/vnd.ms-works",
"wri" => "application/x-mswrite",
"wrl" => "x-world/x-vrml",
"wrz" => "x-world/x-vrml",
"xaf" => "x-world/x-vrml",
"xbm" => "image/x-xbitmap",
"xla" => "application/vnd.ms-excel",
"xlc" => "application/vnd.ms-excel",
"xlm" => "application/vnd.ms-excel",
"xls" => "application/vnd.ms-excel",
"xlt" => "application/vnd.ms-excel",
"xlw" => "application/vnd.ms-excel",
"xof" => "x-world/x-vrml",
"xpm" => "image/x-xpixmap",
"xwd" => "image/x-xwindowdump",
"z" => "application/x-compress",
"rar" => "application/x-rar-compressed",
"zip" => "application/zip");
return $mime_types;
}
?>

 

Now we will call downloadFiles() function and pass download file path to download files:
<?php
/* You may need these ini settings too */
set_time_limit(0);
ini_set('memory_limit', '512M');
/*set your download file path here. */
$filePath = "E:/MyFiles/Software/XYZ.rar";
/* calls download function */
downloadFiles($filePath);
?>

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *